GEOLINKS International Conference 2021, Book 2
ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
MODELING OF DYNAMIC PROCESSES IN THE BLACK SEA AND ATMOSPHERE IN PERSPECTIVE OF THEIR COUPLING FOR THE BLACK SEA REGION
DSc. Demuri Demetrashvili, DSc. Aleksandre Surmava, MSc. Vepkhia Kukhalashvili
At the modern stage of the development of Geosciences, the study of hydrothermodynamic and ecological processes occurring in the natural environment (sea, atmosphere, soil), their monitoring and forecasting become very relevant and are a necessary condition for sustainable development of society. The Caucasus region is one of the most difficult regions of the world from the point of view its physical and geographical features. These features include the Black and Caspian Seas and the complex terrain of the Caucasus. The Seas and the atmosphere are unified hydrodynamic systems, between subsystems of which processes of an exchange of energies, momentum and substances continuously take place. One of the most effective ways to study natural and environmental processes is methods of mathematical modeling, which allows reproducing these processes and phenomena and studying the quantitative contribution of various factors to the development of such processes.
The purpose of the paper is to discuss the models of the Black Sea and atmospheric dynamics developed at M. Nodia Institute of Geophysics of I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, and some results of their implementation. The model of the Black Sea dynamics is based on a full system of ocean hydro-thermodynamics equations. Its high-resolution version, which is nested in the basin-scale model of the Black Sea dynamics of Marine Hydrophysical Institute (MHI, Sevastopol), is used to forecast main hydrophysical fields for the easternmost part of the Black Sea. The model of the atmospheric dynamics is based on a full system of atmospheric hydro-thermodynamics equations in hydrostatic approximation written in the terrain-following coordinate system and is realized for the extended territory including the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea and Black and Caspian seas and for the Caucasus region.
These models, after some modification will form the basis of the coupled Black Sea-atmosphere limited-area modeling system.
circulation, hydro-thermodynamic processes, coupled modeling system, system of equations, boundary conditions