GEOLINKS International Conference 2019, Book 2
GREEN DESIGN AND SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICITY BRANCH AND QUALITY OF AIR IN KAZAKHSTAN
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Assiya Agumbayeva
Electricity is considered to be the leading industry in the country. The choice of management strategy depends on the degree of sustainability of the economy as a whole. In the energy sector, there are growing multifactorial crisis phenomena, both global and intra-sectoral. Changes in the earth's climate due to excessive air pollution caused by energy companies in the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) is a major contradiction that adversely affects the sustainable development of both the industry and society. In addition, Kazakhstan's electric power industry has mainly worn-out fixed assets and requires regular investment funds, causing a continuous increase in energy tariffs. Further development of these processes, along with the inevitable increase in fuel prices can lead in the long term to extensive development of the economy and industry, and the country. These problems hamper the sustainable development of the electric power industry in the long term. In other words this problem raises the issue of the need to find a new mechanism of industry management to obtain the status of a sustainable industry.
Thus, the dynamically developing economy of Kazakhstan provides stable functioning and development of electricity production. However, the industry is developing due to the huge damage to the environment. The development of territorial production systems (energy facilities) does not take into account environmental interests. The implementation of the concept of transition of Kazakhstan to sustainable development determines the gradual introduction into the economy of an environmentally ideal industrial structure of production, excluding environmental pollution. Therefore, the relevance of the research topic is due to the lack of a mechanism for the transition to the sustainable development of electricity production. The paper considers modern concepts and indicators of sustainable development, provides an overview of a new mechanism of management of sustainable development of the power industry in Kazakhstan. At the same time, this study presents the monitoring of the impact of energy enterprises on sustainable development resources (air basin).
sustainable development, power industry, air basin, resources of sustainable development, environmental system.