GEOLINKS International Conference 2021, Book 2
ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
TYPOLOGICAL FEATURES OF LANDSCAPE BY DISTINGUISHING LANDSCAPE TAXONOMIC UNITS
Landscape as a whole of the components around us must be properly explored, analyzed, protected, managed and planned. All of this are necessary to ensure the sustainable (balanced) development of the state, which seeks a harmonious and responsible approach of the state and society to the landscape and spatial planning. Therefore, in this work, the author examines how landscape typological units are distinguished in different areas. Examining the works of different authors, it can be observed that often different and similar features of the landscape are chosen in order to distinguish taxonomic units. Also, even when distinguishing territorial units of a landscape with the same taxonomic level, the features identifying this unit do not always coincide. Therefore, it is necessary to harmonize landscape cognition practices in order to achieve a balanced landscape knowledge. The aim of this work is to contribute to the knowledge of the landscape. To achieve this goal, the following goals were set: 1. To perform literature analysis; 2. To determine the diversity of landscape features by distinguishing landscape typological units; 3. Identify the most commonly used landscape features; 4. To present the classification of landscape features according to the typological units of the landscape. The following methods were used in the work: literature analysis, cartographic analysis, database analysis.
Therefore, in order to harmonize the practices of landscape typological cognition, at first it should be defined which landscape features are considered essential. In other words, it is necessary to clearly distinguish and identify those features that are the most popular and provide the most information about the landscape itself. Thus, the aim of this work is to present the diversity of these features and to present their possible classification depending on the taxonomic units of the landscape to which they are assigned.
Landscape, landscape features, landscape taxonomic level