GEOLINKS International Conference 2019, Book 3
ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES
WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT IN UKRAINE
Assoc. Prof., Dr. Vitalii Ishchenko, Prof., Dr. Sc. Volodymyr Pohrebennyk, Dr. Anna Kochanek, PhD student Lilia Hlavatska
Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE or e-waste) is a relatively new type of waste generated due to the market growth for electronic and electrical devices. Thus, recycling and treatment of WEEE are crucial for every country. Although this waste contains both toxic and valuable components, it is mostly delivered to landfills. That leads to negative environmental consequences. E-waste is constantly exported from developed to developing countries, often illegally. Due to the high environmental impact caused by the misuse of such waste, this research is relevant.
A detailed literature review on WEEE management was conducted. E-waste generation in Ukraine was estimated using electronics market analysis. Besides, all the companies managing WEEE in Ukraine were analysed (i.e., collection, transportation, storage, processing, recycling, disposal).
Waste electrical and electronic equipment management in Ukraine is still primitive. There is no appropriate legislation and infrastructure. There are very few companies managing this growing type of waste. The existing data collection is not efficient. This leads to a great underestimating of e-waste flows. Therefore, Ukraine needs the adoption of relevant legislation, as well as assistance and control over WEEE management.
waste electrical and electronic equipment, e-waste, environment, waste management, e-waste treatment