GEOLINKS International Conference 2021, Book 1
RESEARCHES ON REPORTING THE ATTACK OF SOME PEANUTS DISEASES CULTIVATED ON SANDY SOILS
PhD Milica Dima, PhD Aurelia Diaconu, PhD Reta Drăghici, PhD student Alina-Nicoleta Paraschiv, PhD student Coteț Gheorghe
Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) are widely grown as a food and oleaginous species. Cultivation of peanuts offers important economic benefits, but one of the most important challenges that growers confront is the fight against destructive diseases. Culture is susceptible to a variety of pathogens, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes, resulting in low yields and degradation of grain quality. Among the most devastating fungal diseases of peanuts are Cercospora arachidicola, Puccinia arachidis, Sclerotium rolfsii which cause substantial loss of production. Loss of yields due to the incidence of peanut disease may be up to 50%. Fungicides can be used to combat fungal diseases, but there are alternative disease control options, such as cultural practices, cultivation of resistant varieties, which can be useful in combating diseases by reducing the frequency of application of fungicides.
peanuts, disease, fungi, control